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Photo Illustration by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- When it comes to treating HIV, the sooner, the better. That’s the latest from a large-scale National Institutes of Health study released Wednesday.

The study found that even patients in the early stages of HIV diagnosis, with relatively healthy immune systems, reduced their risk of death by more than half when put on antiretroviral drugs. Being put on medication when their immune systems were stronger also reduced patients’ risk of developing full-blown AIDS.

“We now have clear-cut proof that it is of significantly greater health benefit to an HIV-infected person to start antiretroviral therapy sooner rather than later,” said Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at NIH. 

Findings held true for participants around the globe, with investigators finding similar results in both low- and high-income countries.

Because of the new findings, the NIH is changing their HIV treatment recommendations.

“We now have strong evidence that early treatment is beneficial to the HIV-positive person. These results support treating everyone," said Dr. Jens Lundgren of the University of Copenhagen, one of the co-chairs of the study.

The study overturns older thinking about HIV treatment, which was that the toxic side effects of antiretroviral drugs should be avoided until a patient’s immune system started to suffer.

Side effects for going on antiretroviral drugs can be severe, including bone death and heart disease -- in addition to a lifetime of daily pill schedules. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than 1.2 million Americans are living with HIV.

Taking antiretroviral drugs has also been proven to reduce risk of transmitting HIV to uninfected sexual partners. Based on these interim results, all of the study participants are being offered antiretroviral treatment if they’re not already on it. The international four-year study will continue until 2016.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


California Thunder via KABC(NEW YORK) -- A California softball player has died days after having a brain aneurysm on the field.

Dana Housley was playing in a game Saturday when she reportedly told her coach she felt dizzy and collapsed. Family and teammates had held out hope that the 15-year-old player would survive the traumatic event.

Housley’s family announced Wednesday night the teen had died.

“Tonight our beautiful Dana chose to go with the Lord,” the family said in a statement posted by Housley’s softball team, the California Thunder, based in Covina, California. “We don't yet understand his plan for her, but she will make a perfect angel.”

Housley’s teammates had created a hashtag #prayfordana to support the teen and draw attention to her case. Housley's parents thanked her teammates for their support.

"We will feel pain and emptiness at the loss of our baby girl, but we won't have to feel it alone," the teen's parents said in a statement. "We will not forget your love, prayers, and support, nor will we ever forget the wonderful memories of our little girl, Dana Housley #21."

Her coach, Angelo Michaels, told ABC News station KABC-TV in Los Angeles, that Housley was a “spectacular” player.

“She never had an off day,” Michaels told KABC. “I don’t mean on the softball field I mean she just always had a smile, always gave 110 percent and great teammate.”

The team put up a message on its Twitter account Thursday mourning Housley.

A brain aneurysm occurs when a spot on a cranial artery weakens and starts to bulge out. If the aneurysm ruptures it can cause stroke, brain damage or death.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


Photo by Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Anthrax is again making headlines after Pentagon officials announced Wednesday that the U.S. military had inadvertently sent live spores to laboratories in nine states and South Korea.

At least 22 people at Osan Air Base in South Korea are being monitored and were given precautionary medical measures because they "may have been exposed" to the spores during a training event, according to a statement from the air base.

Here's a guide to anthrax to explain how someone can get infected and how it can be stopped or treated.

What Causes Anthrax?


Anthrax is caused by a bacteria called Bacillus anthracis that forms naturally in the soil, where it can remain dormant for decades, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Animals such as cows or sheep are normally affected, though in rare cases people can be infected as well if they come into contact with the spores in the dirt or through food. In rare cases, the bacteria has infected a person after being injected. Once the spores enter the body through the respiratory tract, digestive tract or through the skin, the spores can become active and start to multiply.

It's most commonly found in areas of Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, southern and eastern Europe, and the Caribbean, according to the CDC.

What Are the Symptoms?

Those people who were possibly exposed to spores at laboratories would be at highest risk for inhaling spores, which could result in respiratory distress as the bacteria multiply. This type of anthrax infection is considered the most dangerous form of the disease with just 10 to 15 percent of untreated people surviving, according to the CDC.

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, explained the bacteria can cause an "intoxication" by releasing toxins into the body.

"It can cause a severe illness associated with fluid accumulated in the lungs," said Schaffner. "The anthrax bacteria multiplies and lets loose these toxins."

Once in the lungs, the bacteria can start to release toxins in the lungs that can lead to fluid build-up and even death. An incubation period can last from one day to two months, as the bacteria continue to grow.

Should the bacteria reach a certain point they can infect tissue or enter the blood stream and cause sepsis. Symptoms include fever chills, shortness of breath and dizziness.

Those exposed to anthrax can develop different symptoms depending on if the spores are inhaled, digested, injected with a needle or affect the skin.

What Can You Do If You're Exposed to Anthrax


Those exposed to spores can be put on post-exposure prophylaxis, which can consist of 60 days of antibiotics with three doses of an anthrax vaccine.

In addition to those at risk for exposure, the vaccine is available to those exposed to spores. The vaccine can stimulate antibody production that provides protection after the person stops taking antibiotics and protect a patient from dormant spores that may remain in the body.

Those who may have been exposed at Osan Air Base were given precautionary measures, including examinations, antibiotics and in some instances, vaccinations, according to a statement from the base.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


Stacey Newman/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- If you're about to have a baby, please don't name him Billion. The experts implore you.

Citing data from the Social Security Department's Extended Name List, popular baby-naming site Nameberry has listed their picks for the 12 worst names.

"Swastik has to be the very worst, but Ruckus is right down there," said Pamela Redmond Satran, a Nameberry baby-naming expert.

Someone named their child Swastik? Not just one person -- to make the list, at least five babies had to be given this name for the first time in 2014. So a minimum of five people thought that was a good idea.

The Dirty Dozen:


Billion


"Cash is an up-and-coming baby name, and Rich has been around for decades," Nameberry said. "So how about coming out and naming a number? Billion was used for five baby boys for the first time this year, though there were also 11 boys named Million and babies of both sexes named Amillion."

Common

"If you are choosing a highly unusual name to help your child stand out from the crowd, this one does anything but."

Dagger

"Where will the trend for Bad Boy names end? Dagger is one of the new violent names added to the lexicon this year," Nameberry said.

Lay

The site said Lay was a name given to seven baby girls last year.

Londynne


Nameberry said London's been popular in recent years, and with "such popularity inevitably spawns spelling variations."

Mickinley


There were also five girls named Kennydi.

Payzley


It's another target "for spelling adventurists," Nameberry said.

Royaltee

"We’re not sure that new choices such as Royaltee, Royalti, and Royel set quite the right blueblood tone."

Ruckus

Given to eight babies in 2014.

Sadman

Nameberry called it "as grating as the “uplifting” new names like Excel (seven girls) or Legendary (five boys)."

Swastik

Given to seven boys.

Wimberly

"Wimberley is a particularly entertaining member of the kind of new name introduced by parents looking to improve on an original by giving it a new first initial, or switching a few letters or sounds around."


ABC News Videos | ABC Entertainment News

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The treadmill is back. The once-monotonous machine is finding its groove again.

The machine is making a comeback in fitness classes, and celebrities including Heidi Klum, Shakira and Zoe Saldana are sprinting their way to great shape on treadmills.

Fitness experts Anna Kaiser, Alycia Stevenin and David Siik appeared on ABC's Good Morning America Thursday to talk about the benefits of treadmill workouts.

Kaiser is a celebrity trainer and founder of AKT InMotion, and her new AKTread puts strength training choreography on the treadmill. Stevenin is a master trainer at Barry’s Bootcamp, and Siik is an Equinox instructor and creator of Precision Running.

They shared the following extra tips that you can use at home or in the gym:

Kaiser’s Tips

HIIT It!

Start in a lunge position, with your right leg out in front of the left. Place the opposite arm next to the front foot. The other arm should be back in the air pointing toward the back leg. Then, in one fluid movement, jump up straight, pulling the left leg out and in front. Bring the right foot up to meet it. Lift your body up as tall as possible, and end on your tiptoes. Swing your arms as you lift your body for momentum, ending with them in an L position at the top of the move. Then, jump back into the starting lunge position, starting with putting the right leg in place, and then following with the left leg.

Up and Over

Start walking on the treadmill at 3.5 mph with hands gripping on each handlebar. Lift your body into the air by putting all your weight on your arms, and straightening them completely. At the same time, move your legs in a running motion in the air, lifting knees as high as you can to your chest. Set your feet back down, take one step on the moving treadmill, and repeat the slow, controlled jumping motion with the opposite leg in front. Repeat this movement for 60 seconds.

Switch Jumps

Stand with legs shoulder-width apart, slightly bent. Lean forward with your torso, with your left arm crossed in front of your body, and the right straight out behind you. Wind up your arms, and swing them in and out as you jump straight up into the air and turn your body to the left. The move is basically jumping through the air and switching the way you’re facing, while switching the arms from bent to straight a few times to propel you. This move will get you sweaty, fast. Do 20 jumps, switching sides. After completing one of the other strengthening moves, do another set of 20 Switch Jumps.

Single Leg Teaser

Lie flat on the ground with your legs out straight and arms stretched out straight behind your head. Squeeze your core and keep your belly button tight to your spine, being careful not to arch your back. Slowly, roll your body up, keeping your core engaged, and as you do so, bring your right knee into your chest. Grab your knee and hold for a second or two. Roll back down to starting position. Repeat 10 times on the right. Then do the same 10 times on the left.

Oblique Twist

Sit in a V position, with your legs up in the air, together and bent, torso and chest lifted, and your arms back out behind you and to the side resting on the ground for support. Keep your abs engaged, and be sure not to arch your lower back. Slowly twist your torso to the right, straighten out your right leg in front of you, and cross your left over the top to your right side. Bring legs back to center. Repeat this scissor motion to the right 20 times. Repeat 20 times on the left.

Side Cincher

Get into a side plank position on your left side. Instead of stacking the right foot on top of the left, bend the leg and rest your foot on the ground behind your body. Hold your right arm out high and slightly curved above your head. Next, kick the right leg out in front of your body, and move your arm down and back, reaching far out behind your body. Move back to the starting position. Repeat the kicking movement 10-15 times. Switch sides and repeat on opposite leg.

Stevenin’s Tips

Here's a 20-minute treadmill routine from Stevenin:

Warm Up Section

5 minute jog at speed 5.0 - 6.0, incline at 0.0 (warm-up section)

Incline Run Section

1 minute: increase speed by 1.0, incline at 0.0

1 minute: decrease speed to 5.0 - 6.0, incline 0.0

1 minute: maintain speed, increase incline to 5.0

1 minute: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0, maintain 5.0 incline

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0, incline is 0.0

30 seconds: increase speed to 5.0 - 6.0, incline 10.0

30 seconds: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0, maintain 10.0 incline

1 minute: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0, incline is 0.0

Speed Run Section: incline is 0.0 entire time

1 minute: jogging speed of 5.0 - 6.0

1 minute: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0

30 seconds: jogging speed of 5.0 - 6.0

30 seconds: sprint at 8.5 speed or higher

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0

1 minute: increase speed to 7.0 - 9.0

30 seconds: jogging speed of 5.0 - 6.0

30 seconds: sprint at 8.5 speed or higher

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0

30 seconds: sprint at 8.5 of higher

30 seconds: recover, walking speed is 2.5 - 4.0

1 minute: sprint at 8.5 of higher

30 seconds: recover!

Siik’s Tips

Form. Get away from the front of your treadmill. Also be sure to not swing your arms across centerline -- keep arm drive parallel to legs. It counterbalances forces for a healthier back and hips as well as works your core into a tighter leaner stomach.

Incline. There's no need to keep sprinting on steep inclines. Instead, find a balance of speed and incline and keep fastest speeds on inclines under 6 percent. You also must do some incline, as well as flat, for balance.

Recovery. Be diligent. Make your recovery as exact and meaningful as your interval.

Distraction. Do not be on your phone checking emails and texting. Put it down and focus on the workout. It will go by faster and you'll enjoy it so much more.

Consistency. Never give up the run. Amazing results in running come with consistency. Just one to three days a week can turn your entire fitness life right around.

Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.





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